LUMBAR AND NECK PAINS IS THE SECOND MOST COMMON CONDITIONS, SONRA UPPER RESPIRATORY TRACT CONDITIONS, AFFECTING PEOPLE AND IN MOST CASES, THIS PAIN IS CAUSED BY DISC HERNIATION.
There are 33 vertebrae in an adult spine and between each vertebra, a structure called discus intervertebralis serves as a cushion. Inside of this structure is called nucleus pulposus which is a gelatinous form consisting of approximately 80% water.
The cushion is wrapped by a solid structure with good elasticity which is called annulus fibrosus. Disc hernia occurs when the solid ring wrapped around the disc is ruptured and the gel-like portion to bulge out beyond the damaged outer ring.
If such bulged portion causes pressure on spinal nerves, the resulting clinical condition is called spinal disc herniation. If such condition occurs in cervical disc, it is called cervical disc herniation; similarly, if it affects the lumbar area, it is referred to as lumbar herniation.